Javanese Cuisine and Recipes

Javanese cuisine is the cuisine of Javanese people, a major ethnic group in Indonesia, more precisely the province of Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java. Though the cuisine of Sumatra is known for its spiciness with notable Indian and Arabic influences, Javanese cuisine is more indigenously developed and noted for its simplicity. Nevertheless, some of Javanese dishes demonstrate foreign influences, most notably Chinese.

Ayam Goreng Kalasan – Kalasan Fried Chicken

Kalasan Fried Chicken, or simply known as Ayam Kalasan in the Indonesian language, is a very popular fried chicken dish. It can be found almost anywhere in Indonesia, especially in the western and central parts of the country.

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Ayam Penyet – Smashed Fried Chicken

Ayam penyet (Javanese for: smashed fried chicken) (印尼炸鸡 is Indonesian — more precisely East Javanese cuisine — fried chicken dish consisting of fried chicken that is smashed with the pestle against mortar to make it softer, served with sambal, slices of cucumbers, fried tofu and tempeh. In Indonesia penyet dishes, such as fried chicken and ribs are commonly associated with Surabaya, the capital city of East Java.

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Javanese Cuisine

Javanese food is categorised into Central and East Javanese food; both serve simple and non-spicy food, though Central Javanese food is tends to be sweeter. Some perceive Javanese cuisine as rather sweet compared to other Indonesian dishes, because generous amount of gula jawa (palm sugar) or kecap manis (sweet soy sauce) are ingredients favoured by the Javanese. 

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Nasi Kuning – Yellow Rice

Nasi Kuning (Indonesian for: yellow rice), or sometimes called Nasi Kunyit (Indonesian for: turmeric rice), is an Indonesian rice dish cooked with coconut milk and turmeric.

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Nasi Liwet

Nasi liwet is a succulent rice dish cooked in coconut milk, chicken broth and spices, from Solo, Central Java, Indonesia.

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Opor Ayam – Braised Chicken in Coconut Milk

Opor ayam is a chicken cooked in coconut milk from Indonesia, especially from Central Java.

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Sate Ponorogo – Chicken Satay Ponorogo

Sate Ponorogo is a variant of satay originating in Ponorogo, a town in East Java. It is made from sliced marinated chicken, served with a sauce made of peanuts and chilli sauce and garnished with shredded shallots, sambal, and lime juice. This variant is unique for the fact that each skewer contains one large piece of chicken, rather than several small cubes. The meat is marinated in spices and sweet soy sauce, in a process called “bacem” and is served with rice or lontong (rice cake).

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Sayur Lodeh – Vegetable in Coconut Milk Soup

Sayur lodeh is a popular vegetable in coconut milk soup in Indonesian cuisine. Common ingredients are young jackfruit, eggplant, chayote, melinjo, long beans, tofu, tempeh all cooked in coconut milk soups and sometimes enriched with chicken or beef stock.

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Urap – Vegetable Salad with Coconut Dressing

Urap is a salad dish of steamed vegetables mixed with seasoned and spiced grated coconut for dressing. It is commonly found in Indonesian cuisine, more precisely Javanese cuisine.

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