Peruvian Cuisine and Recipes

Peruvian cuisine reflects local practices and ingredients—including influences from indigenous peoples and cuisines brought in with immigrants such as Spanish cuisine, Chinese cuisine, Italian cuisine, West African cuisine, and Japanese cuisine. Without the familiar ingredients from their home countries, immigrants modified their traditional cuisines by using ingredients available in Peru. The three traditional staples of Peruvian cuisine are corn, potatoes, and chilli peppers. Staples brought by the Spanish include rice, wheat and meats (beef, pork and chicken). Many traditional foods—such as quinoa, kaniwa, some varieties of chilli peppers, and several roots and tubers have increased in popularity in recent decades, reflecting a revival of interest in native Peruvian foods and culinary techniques.


Adobo de Chancho Arequipeño – Peruvian Pork Adobo Arequipa style

Though typical of Peruvian cuisine, Arequipa’s adobo de chancho is quite different from the other adobos in the world. The arequipeño dish is a soupy pork stew, slow-simmered with chicha de jora, chilli, garlic, onions, oregano, and cumin.

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Amazonian Cuisine

Amazonian cuisine includes the foods and preparation methods of various peoples in the Amazon jungle of South America, including the dishes they have popularised among neighbours.

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Arroz de Chaufa – Cantonese-Peruvian Style Fried Rice

Chaufa rice is one of the main Chifa dishes, the delicious result of mixing Peruvian and Chinese cuisine. There are many combinations for chaufa rice and this recipe is for one of the more traditional dishes.

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Caldo Verde – Green Soup

The basic ingredients for caldo verde are potatoes, onions and kale (some recipes call for collard greens instead). Common additional ingredients are garlic, salt, and olive oil. Some recipes add meat, such as ham hock, making it similar to Italo-American wedding soup. The soup is often accompanied by slices of chouriço or linguiça, or with Portuguese broa cornbread for dipping.

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Chifa

Chifa is a term used in Peru to refer to Chinese cooking, in which Peruvian and Chinese ingredients are fused to Cantonese culinary tradition.

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Choripán – Grilled Chorizo Sandwich

Chorípan is the clever hybrid name for one of the most popular South American sandwiches. It’s a sandwich of chorizo sausage on a crusty bread roll (chor for chorizo y pan for bread). Choripan is a popular street food that is best straight off the barbecue.

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Ensalada de Pallares – Lima Bean Salad

This lima bean salad is like a Peruvian version of succotash. Lima bean salad is often served with ceviche, and it makes a wonderful picnic salad. As the flavours tend to intensify and improve overnight, it’s perfect for making ahead.

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Humitas

Humitas are an early, pre-Hispanic food that is still popular today. They are similar to Mexican tamales. Fresh corn is ground and mixed with salt and lard (and seasoning and cheese in this case), and the mixture is wrapped in corn husks and steamed. Serve them with salsa criolla.

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Lomo Saltado – Peruvian Beef Stir Fry

Lomo Saltado is a popular Peruvian dish and symbolises like no other the fusion of Peruvian ingredients with Asian techniques of preparing food. Mixed with French fries and served with rice. Lomo Saltado can be found in simple restaurants and up-scale places alike.

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Papas a la Huancaina – Peruvian Potatoes with Spicy Cream Sauce

Papa a la Huancaína is dish of sliced potatoes covered in a spicy cheese sauce that is typically served cold, as a first course or luncheon dish. If you prefer a spicier sauce, add a chilli pepper. Because it is served cold Papa a la Huancaina is a favourite food of Peruvians to take on picnics and trips.

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Papas Rellenas – Stuffed Potatoes

Papa rellenas are delicious comfort or street food, similar to mashed potato pancakes, but with a surprise of spiced beef mince in the centre. Papa rellenas are also an excellent recipe for using up leftover mashed potatoes.

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Parihuela – Peruvian Seafood Soup

Spicy, fragrant and loaded with seafood, Parihuela is Peru’s version of bouillabaisse. Don’t be tempted to omit the Peruvian chillies and paste from the recipe as they lend unique and extremely fruity flavours to the base of the soup.

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Peruvian Cuisine

Many traditional foods—such as quinoa, kiwicha, chilli peppers, and several roots and tubers have increased in popularity in recent decades, reflecting a revival of interest in native Peruvian foods and culinary techniques.

Continue reading »

Peruvian Dishes

This is a list of notable dishes found in Peruvian cuisine with images, brief excerpts, and links to the recipes

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Pollo a la Braza Peruano – Peruvian-style Roast Chicken

Served with a garden salad and fries this delightfully tender marinated chicken is a winner in summer or winter. Make sure to allow it to marinate overnight to get full benefit of the flavours.

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John Doe
Professor of Botanics
Born and raised in Dublin, Ireland, John is a superior specialist in growing palms and exotic plants.
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