Glossary

From A - Z, we are taking the mystery out of the Culinary World. The glossary includes ingredients, cookware, kitchenware, culinary terms, and numerous explanations. We have included substitutions and alternatives, other names from different cultures around the world, and how to use the item.

À la carte

À la carte is a French language phrase meaning “according to the menu”.

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À la Russe

Service à la russe (French, service in the Russian style) is a manner of dining that involves courses being brought to the table sequentially.

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Aappam Hoppers

Aappam or Aappam hoppers are a type of food in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Sri Lankan cuisine. It is called Pitha in Oriya, Paddu or Gulle Eriyappa in Kodava. It is known as Appa in Sinhala and Arpone in Burmese. It is eaten most frequently for breakfast or dinner.

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Abalone

Unlike most other popular molluscs, including Scallops, Oysters and Mussels which are bivalves with two shells hinged together, Abalone has just one shell. Called gastropods or univalves, such single-shelled creatures are often of less culinary interest than their two-shelled cousins, but the 100 or so species of Abalone found around the world are a notable exception.

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Abalone – Blacklip

Information on the Blacklip Abalone including buying guide, storing guide, cooking methods, substitutes and more.

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Abalone – Greenlip

Information on the Greenlip Abalone including buying guide, storing guide, cooking methods, substitutes and more.

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Abiu

When ripe, it has smooth bright yellow skin and will have one to four ovate seeds. The inside of the fruit is translucent and white. It has a creamy and jelly-like texture and its taste is similar to the sapodilla — a sweet caramel custard.

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Açaí

In the general consumer market, açaí is sold as frozen pulp, juice, or an ingredient in various products from beverages, including grain alcohol, smoothies, foods, cosmetics and supplements.

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Acerola

Malpighia emarginata is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree in the family Malpighiaceae. Common names include acerola, Barbados cherry, West Indian cherry and wild crepemyrtle. Acerola is native to South America, Southern Mexico and Central America, but is now also being grown as far north as Texas and in subtropical areas of Asia, like India.

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Ackee

The ackee, also known as achee, akee apple or akee (Blighia sapida) is a member of the Sapindaceae (soapberry family), native to tropical West Africa.

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African Cherry Orange

The African cherry orange, Citropsis articulata, also known as the West African cherry orange or Uganda cherry orange (locally as omuboro) is a small citrus fruit about the size of a tangerine. The plant is endemic to Central and Western Africa, and used primarily for eating and in African traditional herbal medicine.

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African Mango

The fruit is a large drupe, with fibrous flesh. The subtly aromatic nuts are typically dried in the sun for preservation, and are sold whole or in powder form. They may be ground to a paste known variously as dika bread or Gabon chocolate. Their high content of mucilage enables them to be used as thickening agents for dishes such as ogbono soup. The nuts may also be pressed for vegetable oil.

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Afuega’l Pitu

Delicious artisanal cheese, Afuega’l Pitu is a delicate, full-fat, and semi-soft cheese. Its orange colour is due to the use of paprika before being cured. Afuega’l pitu is an unpasteurised cow’s milk cheese from Asturias. The cheese comes in different types that are recognised by its form/shape, the ingredients added and the aging period.

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Agar-agar

Agar-agar is a natural vegetable gelatin counterpart. White and semi-translucent, it is sold in packages as washed and dried strips or in powdered form. It can be used to make jellies, puddings, and custards.

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Agrarian Society

An agrarian society is a society that depends on agriculture as its primary means for support and sustenance. The society acknowledges other means of livelihood and work habits but stresses the importance of agriculture and farming, and was the most common form of socio-economic organization for most of recorded human history.

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Aioli

Aioli is a Provençal traditional sauce made of garlic, olive oil, lemon juice, and usually egg yolks. There are many variations, such as the addition of mustard. It is usually served at room temperature.

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Akkawi

Akkawi cheese (Arabic: جبن عكاوي‎, also Akawi, Akawieh, and Ackawi) is a white brine cheese, native to the historical region of Palestine in modern day Israel. It is named after the city of Acre, where it first originated, the Arabic akkawi meaning “from akka”.

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Akudjura

Refers to the crushed version of bush tomato. The flavour is a pungent sharp tamarillo – caramelised sun-dried tomato flavour. Akudjura can be added directly to any dish – it does not require further preparation. Uses include seasoning for soups, vegetables, salads, cheese.

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Albacore

Information on Albacore including buying guide, storing guide, cooking methods, substitutes and more.

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Aleb Falafel

An Aleb Falafel is a special tool used to make falafel balls.

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