Scientific Name : Livonia mamilla (False Bailer Shell) - Melo species (Melon Shell) - Other members of the Zidoninae subfamily (Bailer Shell)
Nutrition & Summary
Amount Per Serving Size of 100g
Calories 90 Calories from Fat 12.6
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 1.4g 2%
Saturated Fat 0.36g 2%
Trans. Fat g
Polyunsat. Fat g
Cholesterol 50mg 17%
Sodium 70mg 3%
Potassium 382mg 12%
Total Carbohydrate 2.00g 1%
Dietary Fibre 0g 0%
Protein 16.1g 32%
Vitamin A 2% Folate 2%
Vitamin C 0% Vitamin D 0%
Calcium 1% Iron 19%
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Flavour : Mild
Oiliness : Low
Habitat : These moderately common sea snails live in subtidal waters and offshore on sand and mud, at depths of 73 to 457 m., emerging at night to feed.
Texture : Very Firm
Bones : n/a
Season : Available year round, though supply is limited.
Size and Weight : False bailer shells are commonly about 25cm long, though they can reach 30cm. ‘True’ bailer shells are slightly smaller, while melon shells are larger, commonly about 30cm and reaching up to 50cm.
Price : False bailer shell is high priced; others are medium priced.
Family : Volutidae (volutes).
Other Names : Red Bailer (False Bailer), Diadem Volute, Giant Baler, Heavy Baler, Milton’S Melon, Southern Bailer, Umbilicate Melon Shell (Melon Shell), Baler Shell, Black Bailer, Boat Shell, Common Bailer, Poor Man’s Abalone.
Relations : Periwinkle, Trochus, Tulip Shell, Tun Shell and other Gastropods.
These large, smooth, oval, spiral-coiled shells are cream-coloured with orange-brown zigzag markings. They occur right around the Australian coast, and are harvested from the wild. Collectively they are known as bailer shells due to their use in some areas for bailing out boats. The false bailer shell, with its distinctive orange foot, is the most common, found on sand and mud to depths of 180m, it is harvested by trawling and trapping off the south-east coast of Australia, including Tasmania. A very similar, but less commonly seen, black-footed species is found along the NSW central and north coasts. Melon shells, also less commonly seen commercially, are found on and near reefs to depths of about 10m, their shells have several spikes on the end, which are absent in other bailer shells. Bailer shells lack an operculum, the protective flap found over the opening of many univalves.
To Buy Bailer Shell
Bailer Shell are sold whole. Look for brightly coloured, intact, lustrous shells, firm flesh, and a pleasant fresh sea smell.
To Store Bailer Shell
Store in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 3 days, or extract the meat (see below) and freeze for up to 3 months below -18ºC.
To Cook Bailer Shell
Average yield is 20% excluding trimmings (33% including trimmings). Has a mild flavour, low oiliness and very firm flesh.
Place the shell in a bag and crack all over with a kitchen mallet or back of a cleaver. Peel the shell away to extract the meat. Rub well with rock salt, massaging it in for a few minutes to remove the thick, slimy coating, wash well under cold running water. Cut off the dark intestines from the top of the meat, rub remaining meat with rock salt again and wash well under cold running water, using a small scrubbing brush if necessary to remove remaining slime. Cut off all of the leathery skin (and about 5mm of the flesh beneath it) from around the foot to expose the more tender flesh, cut off and discard any other tough parts of the meat. Split in half and trim off the base of the foot; all of these trimmings can be used to make stock. Cut out and discard the discoloured section on both halves where the mouth was. Slice meat into thin, wide strips through the more tender body and firmer foot.
Like all seafood, it requires very little cooking, if overcooked it will be dry, rubbery and tasteless.
Bailer Shell Cooking Methods
Steam, poach, pan-fry, stir-fry, barbecue, braise, or eat raw (sashimi). The firm flesh holds together well in soups, curries and casseroles.
Bailer Shell goes well with
Bean Sprouts, Chilli, Garlic, Ginger, Spring Onions, Lemongrass, Lime, Oyster Sauce, Sesame Oil.
BAILER SHELL SUBSTITUTES
- Abalone – Abalone is available in the shell (live or frozen), as meat (frozen and vacuum-packed or dried). Farmed ‘cocktail’ Abalone is generally less expensive than Abalone harvested from the wild.